As adults get older, their organs begin to change. The heart and blood vessels don’t work as well as before which can lead to several heart diseases. These diseases aren’t contagious, but the risk of getting them increases as people get older, usually past the age of 55.
These are several of the most common heart diseases.
Stroke: This happens when less or no blood goes to the brain, causing brain cells to die. This is caused by a blocked artery or a blood vessel that burst. Strokes can lead to loss in abilities such as being able to speak or move.
Heart Attack: It’s when blood that has oxygen is cut off from the heart because of a blocked artery. The heart then doesn’t have the oxygen it needs to function and the heart muscle cells begin to die. This can cause death.
Arteriosclerosis: When the arteries thicken, they become less able to handle an increase in the amount of blood pumping through it (such as by a sudden shock). This eventually causes blood clots in the arteries which can lead to heart attacks, strokes and other heart diseases.
People usually can’t tell that they have heart disease until they actually get a stroke or heart attack. But by then it’s an emergency and the person needs to get help immediately, usually by going to the hospital.
However, if there is no emergency but the doctor suspects heart disease, he or she can run some tests to see if it’s really there.
Ways the risk of heart disease can be lowered:
1. Don’t smoke
2. Exercise at least 30 minutes a day
3. Eat a healthy diet: an all-rounded meal as well as food with very little trans-fat and saturated fat.