You might think bones are completely solid and sturdy. However, everyday your body constantly breaks down and remakes your bones from the day you were born to the day you die.

As you get older, bones can become more fragile due to the bones losing more tissue than what is being produced. This is most commonly due to hormonal changes or a lack of calcium and/or vitamin D. Therefore this makes it easier to fracture or break bones. This also means it takes longer for the broken bone to recover. When that gets serious, it's a disease known as osteoporosis.

The most common bones broken are the hips, spines and wrists. People may become shorter because of osteoporosis. Most commonly, because of the spine.

The spine is made up of vertebrae and as adults get older, the vertebrae loses some of its minerals. With osteoporosis, it’s easier to fracture the spine which can eventually lead to its collapse due to the spine not being able to support the weight of the body. Eventually the posture will be bent forward or stooped over due to a lack of back support, which may affect the person’s daily activities and may even affect breathing.


  1. Backache due to a fractured/collapsed vertebrae (bones in the spine)
  2. Stooped posture or gradual loss of height (the person looking more and more bent over)
  3. Bones broken easier than expected due to less bone density. Something as simple as a fall or nudge could lead to a fractured bone.

 what you can do to help them
1. Encourage them to eat meals rich in calcium and vitamin D (eg. Dairy products, citrus fruits, green vegetables)

2. Exercise with them to make the bones stronger and stimulate more bone-making cells.

How to prevent yourself from getting Osteoporosis later:
1. Eat well-balanced meals, especially food rich in calcium such as milk or yogurt.

2. Do sport or exercise

3. Don’t smoke or drink lots of alcohol.

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