Glossary
詞彙

Casemix
個案分類
A classification system that groups frail elders into groups that are homogeneous in their care needs based on their clinical characteristics. 根據臨床特點,將照顧需要相近的體弱長者分組的一個分類系統。

Clinical Assessment Protocols (CAPs)
臨床評估方案 (CAPs)
Protocols designed to assist the assessor in systematically interpreting all the information recorded on an instrument. They help the clinical professionals focus on key issues identified during the assessment process, so that decisions as to whether and how to intervene can be explored with the individual. 為協助評估員有系統地解讀評估工具所記錄的全部資料的方案。有助臨床專業人員集中於評估過程中發現的主要問題,從而與長者探討是否及如何介入的決定。

interRAI Home Care (interRAI-HC)
interRAI家居照顧評估 (interRAI-HC)
An assessment system that informs and guides comprehensive care and service planning in community-based settings. It focuses on the person’s functioning and quality of life by assessing needs, strengths, and preferences, and facilitates referrals when appropriate. When used over time, it provides the basis for an outcome-based assessment of the person’s response to care or services. The interRAI HC can be used to assess persons with chronic needs for care as well as those with post-acute care needs. 一套適用於社區的評估系統,為全面照顧及服務計劃提供資料及指引。評估集中於功能水平及生活質素,量度個人的需要、能力及喜好,並在適當時協助轉介。重覆使用,能作為個人對照顧或服務反應的結果評估基礎。interRAI-HC可用於評估長期有照顧需要的人士,或有急性後期照顧需要者。                  

interRAI Long-Term Care Facilities (interRAI-LTCF) Assessment System
interRAI長期照顧院舍評估(interRAI-LTCF)
Enables comprehensive, standardized evaluation of the needs, strengths, and preferences of persons receiving short-term post-acute care in skilled nursing facilities, as well as persons living in chronic care and nursing home institutional settings. 用於正在專業護理機構中接受短期急性後期照顧、或居於長期照顧及護理院舍的人士,作為其需要、能力及喜好的一套全面標準評估。

Quality Indicators (QIs)
照顧質素指標 (QIs)
QIs use data elements of clinical characteristics collected by specific interRAI assessment systems to establish a measure that can be translated into a statistical summary. Each QI has an explicit definition and inclusion/exclusion criteria. While QIs are defined in terms of individual characteristics, they only take on meaning when expressed as averages at the facility or agency level. These summary measures reflect presumed quality of care. QIs are regarded as pointers that indicate potential problem areas which need further review and investigation. 利用由特定interRAI評估系統收集的部分臨床數據,制定可轉化為統計概要的數值。每項QI均有明確的定義與納入/排除標準。雖然QI以個人特點計算,但其意義僅限於反映整個設施或機構的平均水平。這些概要數據可顯示推斷的照顧質素。QI被視作反映需要進一步檢討及調查的可能問題的指標。

Resource Utilization Groups (RUGs)
資源使用組別 (RUGs)
A classification system that link frail elders with similar care needs to LTC resources allocation based on their clinical characteristics and their volume of LTC services utilization. 基於臨床特徵及長期護理服務的使用量,將需要相近的體弱長者與長期護理資源分配掛鈎的一個分類系統。